Dr. Avnish Jolly, Mumbai, 11th March, 2009 :Tobacco use is expected to kill six million people worldwide and drain US $500 billion from the global economy each year reveals the latest edition of the Tobacco Atlas. According to the third edition of the Tobacco Atlas was released by Anbumani Ramadoss, Health Minister, GOI on the second day of the 14th World Conference on "Tobacco or Health".
The 14th World Conference on Tobacco or Health—the largest meet of anti-tobacco advocates, health experts, scientists and educators—began in Mumbai, the first time in India. The ACS and the World Lung Foundation have jointly published the third edition of the Tobacco Atlas. The first edition was published in 2002 and second in 2006.
"In 2010, tobacco will kill six million people worldwide annually, 72 per cent of whom will be in the low and middle income countries," says the atlas, which is a comprehensive volume of research on how the tobacco is devastating both global health and economies.
Ramadoss stated that tobacco’s estimated US $500 billion drain on the world economy exceeds the total combined annual expenditure on health in all low and middle income countries and described the report as a glaring piece of information to control tobacco menace across world. He also added that the rest of the world has to join the developing countries to get rid of tobacco problem.
According to the Atlas, the tobacco industry has shifted its marketing and sales efforts to countries that have less effective public health policies and fewer resources in place. Since 1960, the global tobacco production has increased 300 per cent in low and middle resource countries while dropping more than 50 per cent in high resource countries.
In India and China, over half a billion people are consuming tobacco.
In Bangladesh, if an average household bought food with the money normally spent on tobacco, more than 10 million people would no longer suffer from malnutrition and 350 children under age five could be saved each day, the report said.
At a time when food shortages are worrying experts, tobacco replaces potential food production on almost four million hectares of agricultural land, equal to all of the orange groves or banana plantations in the world, the report says.
"In developing countries, smokers spend great sums of money in proportion to their incomes that could otherwise be spent on food, healthcare and other necessities," the Atlas says.
Speaking on the occasion American Cancer Society (ACS) Chief Executive Officer John R Seffin said that the Atlas was crucial to understanding the nature of the most preventable global health epidemic.
"We can utilise the information in the atlas to develop public health strategies and reduce tobacco use. We will save million of lives," he added.