Bhopal:Thursday, March 27 (Yasha Sharma)The state cabinet at its meeting chaired by the Chief Minister Shri Shivraj Singh Chouhan approved a protection-cum-development scheme for primitive tribes. The Government of India has provided Rs. 10 crore for this scheme.
Madhya Pradesh government has drawn up an action plan for three primitive tribes of the state- Saharia, Baiga and Bharia. Funds have been provisioned in proportion of the population of these three tribes in identified villages.
Accordingly, about 65 percent of this fund would be provided for Saharia, 29 percent for Baiga and 5 percent for Bharia tribes. Remaining one percent of the amount has been set aside for implementation, monitoring and evaluation of the scheme at headquarters level.
The action plan has been divided into six sectors i.e. education, health and nutrition, drinking water, agriculture and irrigation, housing and employment.
In education sector, there is a provision to pay compensation to the families for sending non-school going girls to schools. In the year 2008-09, the compensation would be given to a family for only one girl. As per the amended compensation amount rules, mothers of such girls who are studying in the V, would be paid Rs. 100 per month as incentive amount and Rs. 200 per month would be given to the mothers of the girls studying in VIII.
As per a survey, the parents of these girls do not send them to school as they help them in household works and take care of their siblings. The National Tribal Commission has also recommended the payment of compensation to parents of such girls.
Similarly, arrangements for an additional contract teacher cadre would be made for teaching in local dialects. They would be appointed on merit basis through the existing appointment process by janpad panchayats. Coaching classes would be run throughout the year in the hostels conducted for primitive tribes to improve the level of learning of the students in subjects like mathematics, science and English. For this, a provision of Rs. two thousand per month per hostel has been made. Best available teachers in concerning areas would be engaged in this work and they would be paid Rs. two thousand at rates fixed period wise.
Nursery female teachers would be engaged to impart pre-school education of high level to children of three to six years of age in their own dialects in the anganwadi centres run in primitive tribal areas. These teachers would belong to the same community and as far as possible from the same gram panchayat. They would be paid an honorarium of Rs. one thousand per month.
Under health and nutrition programme, a provision of Rs. 16 lakh has been provided for implementing Shaktiman project in Karahal block of Sheopur district. Similarly, a scheme for fortification of flour in primitive tribal areas is being implemented on the pattern of fortification scheme of Gujarat. Through this, micronutrients would be available to the students. This would cost 10 paise per kg. Initially, the flour supplied to the hostels would be fortified.
For control of diseases in predominantly Saharia tribal areas a mobile health unit would be provided in Shivpuri district for which Rs. 20 lakh has been provided. The health department would implement it. Assistance would be provided to reputed institutions for survey and researches in areas inhabited by primitive tribes.
Assistance of upto Rs. five thousand would be provided to every Saharia family for repair of roof during rainy season. For this, a provision of Rs. 65 lakh has been made. The assistance would be given to all families of the villages selected in groups. Provision has also been made to extend incentive to 20 Sanskritik Mandals in Saharia area, 30 Mandals in Baiga areas and 6 Mandals in Bharia area for preservation of culture of these tribes. Each Mandal would be given Rs. 10 thousand. Funds have also been provided for documentation of indigenous knowledge and skills and medicinal plants and herbs. A provision of Rs. five lakh has been made for construction and repair of steps in Patalkot. Rs. four lakh has been provided for renovation and upgradation of the Saharia museum at Sheopur.
For augmenting employment opportunities to the primitive tribes training in driving, security guard, tailoring, and lac production would also be given to them. Assistance of RS. 30 thousand would be given to the beneficiaries for starting petty business.
During the Five Year Plan period the scheme would be implemented in Sheopur, Karahal, Vijaypur, Ambah, Jauira,Kailaras, Morena, Pahadgarh,Porsa, Badarwas, Aron, Bamhori, Chachoda, Guna, Raghogarh,Datia, Sewada (Saharia primitive tribe), Tamia (Bharia primitive tribe) and Bijadandi, Bichhia, Nainpur, Ghughari, Bajag, Beohari, Budhar, Jaithari, Karkeli, Manpur blocks.