12 May : Shri Madhukar Gupta, Union Home Secretary has said that Human Trafficking is the world’s 3rd largest Organised Crime after narcotics trade and illicit arms trafficking. He further said that, in our country, 90% of the problem constitutes intra-country trafficking. Shri Gupta was inaugurating a two days’ seminar on Organised Crime and Human Trafficking at Vigyan Bhawan here today. Deliberating upon the roots of the problem, he said that perhaps stratification and nature of Indian society, poverty & under -development constitute the causes for the human trafficking in India. At least 100 million people are involved in this heinous crime. It is the duty of local police in the States and other law enforcement agencies to give due priority to this menace. Government, on its part, have initiated new programmes like flagship programmes for ensuring inclusive growth. He also said that the current efforts in the field of training and capacity building should be speeded up to give the desired push to this multi- pronged approach to tackle this problem.
Director CBI, Shri Ashwani Kumar in his welcome address said that India occupies a unique position in this illicit trade because it is a source, transit and a destination. ‘The approach of the Government in tackling the social scourge is essentially two fold: first, to frame policy and to enact legislations, and, second, to involve NGOs and social groups in rescue and rehabilitation of victims’, he said.
Shri Ashwani Kumar also said that tackling human trafficking is popularly known as 3 P’s – protection, prevention and prosecution. The law enforcement agencies have important role to play in each of these areas of the organised crime. This is one of the reasons why Central Bureau of Investigation has been made a nodal agency for the Government for enforcement of anti-human trafficking efforts like intelligence collection, investigation and prosecution etc.
The number of trafficked persons is difficult to determine due to the secrecy and clandestine nature of the crime. However, studies and surveys sponsored by the Ministry of Women and Child Development estimates that there are about three million (30,00,000) prostitutes in the country, of which an estimated 40 percent are children. There is a growing demand for young girls to be induced into prostitution on account of customer preferences. A few alarming trends that have emerged in recent years are sexual exploitation through sex tourism; child sex tourism; paedophla; prostitution in pilgrim towns & other tourist destinations and cross-border trafficking especially from neighbouring countries.
In pursuance of the directions of Delhi High Court, a Criminal Intelligence Cell has been established in Central Bureau of Investigation in 1999. It’s functions include collection, collation and dissemination of intelligence regarding professional gangs responsible for kidnapping of minors for begging, kidnapping of minor girls and women for prostitution and kidnapping for ransom. This total countrywide data is computerized for dissemination among the States/Union Territories.
Ms. Cristina Albertin, Representative of United Nations Office of Drug Control (UNODC) in her address said " The United Nations Convention on Transnational Organized Crime was approved by the General Assembly of the United Nations in 2000 and entered into force in 2003. Since then the United Nations on Drugs and Crime has been assisting countries in the ratification process of the convention and its protocol, in the drafting of respective national legislation and in the effective implementation of its provisions in the areas of prosecution, prevention and protection".
CBI has organized this conference in collaboration with Ministry of Home Affairs, National Institute of Rural Development, Ministry of Women and Child Development and UN Office of Drug Control (UNODC). 22 NGOs also participated in the conference. Mrs. Vijay Lakshmi K. Gupta, Addl. Secretary, represented the Ministry of Women and Child Development. Nearly 45 States police representatives and State Nodal Officers also attended the conference.