BY -TANVEER JAFRI : The Holy Quran is considered the most sacred religious book in the Islam. It is considered as the most religious book because the Muslims take its every verse or even each word as a message given by God (Allah) through its messenger, Prophet Hazrat Mohammad (s.a), to be conveyed to the common people. About 1450 years ago when these verses came upon Prophet as the voice of God, his companions used to write the same instantly. These were the directions & orders from God. As all this happened in an Arab country, so the language of it was the Arabic. That’s why the Holy Quran was first of all compiled in the Arabic language.
As the greatest terrorist attack at the time of the rise of the Islam, on the Islam was done by a Muslim king on the kiths & kin of Prophet Mohammad. Similarly many doubts arose about the Holy Quran even before its compilation in the Arab country. As the people that accepted Prophet as the messenger of God so every verse that came out of Prophet was taken as the voice of God. There were many persons who were against Prophet & they weren’t ready to accept that these were the verses sent by God & they took it as the Quran written by H.Mohammad (s.a). Unfortunately, that thing of criticism & opposition of the Holy Quran is even found today. It can also be said that the increasing terrorist activities in the world & mainly involvement of the Muslims in these activities provides a golden chance to the critics of the Islam & the Quran to have an aim to criticise the Islam & the holy Quran. Today there is a direct accusation that the Quran shows the path that lends to hatred, combat & killing. Let us peep into the path that the Holy book shows:
First of all, the Muslim religious leaders should remove the doubt that the Koran is a holy book of the Muslims only. They should state that the Koran gives a message to the humanity & it is a holy book that leads to a path to be followed by all. It is because the God is a maker of universe & it nurtures all the creatures. As all its blessings & gifts that it gives as air, water, sunlight & shadow are for everybody; similarly his directions & orders are for all the human beings. These are not for a religion or a community. If the religious leaders prove it that the God is a Muslim, then the Koran can be taken as a holy book for the Muslims only. If it is not so, then I am unable to understand the monopoly or copyright the Holy Koran for the Muslims.
The human beings or the society has been divided into three parts in the Holy Quran. One are those who come under ‘La Ilaha Illallah’ (Oneness of God), are known as the Muslims. It means that they trust in oneness of the God. These have been addressed as the Momins in the Holy Quran. Second are the persons who believe in oneness of the God but have their own holy books. The Jews & the Christians are among them. The third are who don’t say that God is one & don’t believe in our belief. They have been called non-believers in the Holy Quran. Now the question arises that after such a classification what does the Holy Quran directs for all the three groups.
For the first group, the Holy Quran says that all Momins (Muslims) are like brothers in every walk of life. It is a matter of great sorrow that the directions of the Holy Quran are being disobeyed by most of the Momins or the Muslims. Iraq, Afghanistan & Pakistan are examples of it. For the second group, the persons who believe in oneness of God, the Holy Quran says in its ‘Sura-e- Aale Imran’ that when we all believe in oneness of God, we should be together to abolish the wickedness jointly. Unfortunately, today the conservative groups of the Christians & the Jews accused the Islam & the Holy Quran for playing a role in spreading hatred & non-cooperation. But the above message that the Holy Quran gives, clarifies that the Islam is in favour of cooperation & co-assistance.
Now there is the third group that is addressed as ‘Kafir’ or non-believers in the Holy Quran. In this group, there are people who believe in neither oneness of God nor the Prophet nor the Holy Quran. The meaning of the Arabic word ‘Kafir’ is he, who refuses. When Prophet Mohammad was spreading the message of the holy Quran to the common people that God is only one, there were many people who didn’t agree to the words of Prophet & refused to accept his words. In the 30th part of the holy Quran, God says to the prophet to ask them that you don’t pray to whom we pray so you are blessed with your religion & we with ours. In this message that has been given for non-believers, there is nothing that shows or orders to crush or show cruelty or kill the non-believers. It is agreed that some Muslims rulers took support of the wrong translation of the holy Quran to expand or to save or to setup their kingdoms. Even today it is going on. That’s why, these cruel rulers were the cause of the finger that was raised against the Islam & even today some custodians of the Muslim religion, the terrorist leaders are there to affront the teachings of the Quran.
Today there is great need for the Muslim religious leaders to make everyone understand about the teachings of the holy Quran. For what & for whom the holy Quran is? What is the meaning of the compiled messages of the God? Certainly the Quran has instructed to be harsh to the wicked persons. But these are only for the wicked ones & not for any religion or a community. As if any country or an administration prepares a rule of conduct for its society, undoubtedly there is provision of strictness of punishment for the bad or the wicked persons. The wicked persons don’t get honour anywhere in the world. Similarly some ways have been expressed in the holy Quran, to deal with the bad or the wicked persons. But nowhere any group or any community has been aimed at.
Now it is the need of the hour that literary people & intellectuals among the Muslims who want to save the Islam from the insult, should come forward & should try to solve the doubts against the holy Quran. If the Muslim religious leaders don’t arrange for such apprehensions, the fingers would be raised against the holy Quran in future & the Muslim involvement in the terrorist activities will help in insulting the holy Quran.