By Sadaket Malik : NGOs or Non Government Organizations are the non-profit voluntary groups established at local, national or international level. They perform various tasks for solving problems and development of society. NGOs are connected with government or private sector firms. They deal with some social issues like women empowerment, girl child, gender issues, education, pollution, street children, slum dwellers, health, urban development, human rights, concerns of less privileged etc. NGOs bring up people’s concerns and issues to the government and policy makers non-profit making, voluntary, service-oriented/development oriented organization, either for the benefit of members (a grassroots organization) or of other members of the population (an agency).
It is an organization of private individuals who believe in certain basic social principles and who structure their activities to bring about development to communities that they are servicing. An independent, democratic, non-sectarian peoples organizations working for the empowerment of economic and/or socially marginalized groups. The non-profit sector is no more the side dish to the main course… what am I talking about? Even till the late 90’s, the non-profit sector has always played second fiddle to most of the other mainstream occupation profiles. As a result development of courses in the non-profit stream had also taken a back seat. However, now the scene is entirely different. Government policies, work of the existing NGOs and the media have a lot to do with bringing Non-profit management into a mainstream career option.
Graduate Program in Non-Profit Management – India
Basic qualification is not required to serve in the non-profit sector. You can do your "bit", no matter which field you are qualified in. For instance as a lawyer you can provide free legal service to the underprivileged.
However, if you are considering it as a career option you would need associated degrees. Ideally a degree in Social Welfare (MSW) degree, rural management or any masters’ degree in social sciences gives you a strong foot hold in this sector.
Qualification Needed for NGO Jobs:
No basic educational qualification is required to get into the social sector. However, Master in Social Welfare (MSW), any master’s degree in social sciences or rural management will be definitely helpful to get good job opportunities in NGOs . The courses offered in social work are B.S.W. or BA in Social Welfare, M.S. W. or M. A. in Social Welfare. The candidate can proceed for M. Phil or Ph.D program also if they are interested in pursuing further studies. Diploma and degree courses are offered by several institutes in India such as The Indian Institute of Social Welfare & Business Management in Kolkata, Tata Institute of Social Sciences in Mumbai, University of Delhi, University of Rajasthan, Jamia Millia University etc.
In India, NGO sector is widely spread all over the country, particularly in remote and rural areas. There are different types of NGOs in India such as volunteer sector, grass root organizations, civic society, private voluntary organizations, transitional social movement organizations and self-help groups (SSG). Some of the important NGOs in India are – Child Relief and You (CRY), Red Cross Society, CARE, National Institute of Public Cooperation and Child Development (NIPCCD). Some of the popular international NGOs are – World Wildlife Fund, Bread for the World, UNICEF, WHO, UNESCO, AMNESTY etc.
NGO Management Courses
NGO Management mainly focuses on the management of the organization, setting up of the goals and objectives of NGO activities, thorough understanding of the organizational framework of NGOs, and distribution of portfolios among its members. NGO Management also involves devising of strategies and operational pathways, supervision and planning of financial and other policies and various other programmes of the organization.
Qualifications: For enrolling for an NGO management course, applicants need to complete his / her graduation in any discipline. Experienced NGO professionals, social workers, and volunteers can also study these courses.
Benefits: The main areas of study in an NGO management course help an individual to understand the subject in detail from a more realistic point of view. The various benefits of NGO management course are:
* Financial and Administrative Supervision
* Awareness about Global Issues
* Awareness about Environment
* Awareness about global socio-economic scenario
* Community Development
* Management of Information
* Organization of Issue Based Campaigns
* Developing Human Resource and Finance
* Attainment of Socio Cultural Perspective
* Social Entrepreneurship
Institutes offering NGO Management Courses in India
The premier institutes offering a post- graduation course in NGO management in India are:
* Amity Institute of NGO Management
* Annamalai University Directorate of Distance Education, (Tamil Nadu) Bharathidasan University Centre for Distance Education, Tiruchrappali (Tamil Nadu)
* Madurai Kamaraj University, Directorate Of Distance Education, (Tamil Nadu)
If your work foe the not-for profit sector is going to be research based then you need to have a doctoral or at least a post-graduate qualification in the domain. (A masters in Environmental Sciences if you are working on Research project for an environmental NGO)
Ideally after Class XII, take up a subject from the social science discipline, followed by a Masters in MSW or MA in social work. The best known institutes offering such courses are Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai, the Xavier Institute of Social Science, Ranchi, and the Institute of Rural Management, Anand, Degrees in environment and forestry management are also offered by other institutes (the Institute of Forest Management – Bhopal). You can also obtain diplomas in specific areas like for the hearing impaired, or the physically handicapped.
Here is a list of some of the institutes and their addresses:
• National Institute for the Hearing Handicapped, Bandra Reclamation, Bandra (W), Mumbai – 400 050
• Courses in Physiotherapy, Occupational Therapy and Mental Retardation are offered in Cuttack, Calcutta and Secunderabad by Rehabilitation Council of India, Vishnu Digamber Marg, New Delhi – 110 002
• Diploma in Mental Retardation is offered in different States by National Institute for Mentally Handicapped, Manovikas Nagar, Secunderabad – 500 009
• PG Programme in Rural Management is offered by Institute of Rural Management, Anand – 388 001
• MA in Social Work is offered by Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Sion Trombay Road, Deonar, Mumbai – 400 088
• PG Course in Rural Development and Social Work is offered by Xavier Institute of Social Service, Purulia Road, Ranchi – 834 001
• MA in Social Work is offered by Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra – 136 119
• MA and Diploma in Social Work is offered by Lucknow University, Lucknow
Devi Ahilya Vishwavidyalaya,
Indore 452001 MA
Ujjain 456010 MA
Varanasi 221002 M.A.
University of Lucknow,
Badshah Bagh, Lucknow 226007
Agra 282004 M.A., M.S.W.
University of Delhi,
Delhi 110007 M.A.
Jamia Millia Islamia,
Jamia Nagar, New Delhi 110025 M.A.
Kurukshetra 132119 B.A. M.A.
Patiala 147002 B.A.
Udaipur 313001 M.A.
Ahmedabad 380014 M.A. M.S.W.
Shivaji University, Vidyanagar, Kolhapur 416004 B.A.
MG Marg, Nagpur 440001 M.S.W
Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Deomar, Bombay 400088 M.A. MS University of Baroda,
Vadodhara 390002 M.S.W.
Amravati University, Near Tapowan, Amravati 446002 B.S.W. M.S.W.
University of Bombay,
MG Road, Fort, Mumbai 400032 B.S.W. M.S.W.
Nagpur University, MG Marg, Nagpur 440001 B.S.W. M.S.W.
University of Poona,
Ganeshkhind, Pune 411007 M.S.W.
Marathwada University, Aurangabad 431004 B.S.W. M.S.W.
Waltair 530003 B.A. M.A. Nagarjuna University,
Nagarjuna Nagar 522510 B.A.
Sri Venkateshwara University,
Tirupati 517502 B.A.
Sri Krishnadevaraya University, Tirupati 517502 M.A.
Karnatak University, Pavate Nagar, Dharwad 580003 B.A. M.A.
Mangalore University, Univ Campus, Mangalagangothri 574199 B.A.
Bharathidasan Palkalai Perun, Tiruchirapalli 620024 B.A. M.A.
University of Madras,
Chennai 600005 B.A. M.A. M.S.W.
Bharathiar University, Maruthamalai Road, Coimbatore 641046 M.A
Hyderabad 500007 B.S.W.
Sri Padmavathi Mahila, Vishavidyalayam, Tirupathi 517502 M.S.W.
Jnana Bharathi, Bangalore 560056 M.S.W.
Madurai Kamaraj University, Palkalai Nagar, Madurai 625021 M.A. (Social Work)
University of Kerala, University PO, Thiruvananthapuram 695034 M.S.W.
Visva Bharati, PO Santiniketan 731235 B.S.W. (Hons) M.S.W. Utkal University,
P.O. Vani Vihar, Bhubaneshwar B.S.W.
Scope of NGO sector in India: India provides wide scope in the field of NGO management. One can work as an NGO Manager, community service providers, and NGO project coordinators, Research Fellow in NGO projects, NGO human resource and finance manager. You can work with Amity Institute of NGO Management, Ministry of Youth Affairs, SOS Village, FICCI, Amarjyoti Charitable Trust, Prayas, AFARM and Chief Commissioners office. One can work in various sectors like Rural Health Care sector, AIDS Awareness Projects, Women’s Emancipation Projects, Child Abuse prevention Committee, Drought or Flood Ridden areas, Drug Rehabilitation Centers, Street Children Education Campaign and Juvenile Delinquents rehabilitation centers.
Scope Abroad: Plenty of job opportunities exist abroad with renowned organizations like UNICEF, United Nations, UNESCO, OECD, NATO, World Health Organization as a Community Service Manager, Health Officer, Social Service Provider, Finance and Human Resource controller. United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization, Amnesty International, World Bank, Red Cross, Green Peace, and Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative, provide jobs in various spheres of disaster management, human rights protection, rural welfare and environment protection